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Ammonius, while giving a critique of previous discussions. A significant feature of the situation of Ammonius Saccas, Leiden, ). But this gives rise to some. Ammonius Saccas Plotinus Porphyry Iamblichus Emperor Julian Hypatia of Alexandria He [ Ammonius ] adopted the doctrines which were received in Egypt. Ammonius Saccas (Greek: Ἀμμώνιος Σακκᾶς; fl. 3rd century AD) was a Greek philosopher from Alexandria who is often referred to as one of.

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Porphyrythe most important student of Plotinus, in his book entitled On the Life of Plotinus and the Arrangement of his Work, says the following: The unequivocal disagreement between Porphyry and Eusebius on these two important issues provides support for believing that there may have been two different men: He seems to have been able to form a mystical syncretism of Plato with Indian and Egyptian philosophies and theologies.

According to Porphyry, his parents were Christian, but upon learning Greek philosophy, Ammonius rejected his parents’ religion and returned to paganism.

And Ammonius held the divine philosophy unshaken and unadulterated to the end of his life.

Saccaw the author of the early Gospel synopsis please see Ammonius of Alexandria. The fact that Ammonius Saccas was initially a poorly educated and humble laborer on the docks of Alexandria, reminds me of the well-known American social philosopher, Eric Hoffer In my view, the relationship of Plotinus to Ammonius is strongly reminiscent of the relationship of Plato to Socrates!

Ammonius Saccas is reputed to be the first philosopher to employ the word theosophiameaning “divine wisdom.

Ammonius Saccas

The insistence of Eusebius, Origen’s pupil, and Jerome, all of whom were recognized Fathers of the Christian Church, that Ammonius Saccas had not rejected his Christian roots would be easier sacccas Christians to accept than the assertion of Prophyry, who was a Pagan, that Ammonius had chosen Paganism over Christianity.

Among Ammonius’ other pupils there were Herennius and Cassius Longinus.

His parents were poor and he received little formal education. F ragments left from Porphyry ‘s book entitled, Against the Christiansgive details about the life and teachings of Ammonius.

Becoming acquainted through them with the figurative interpretation of the Grecian mysteries, he applied it to the Jewish Scriptures. When Gordian was killed in Mesopotamia, it was only with great difficulty that Plotinus came off safe to Antioch. Porphyry says he was a pagan; Eusebius demurs. Ammonius Saccas was a self-taught philosopher; even so, he is the actual founder of Neoplatonism.


But he [Plotinus] did not just speak straight out of these books but took a distinctive personal line in his consideration, and brought the mind of Ammonius’ to bear on the investigation in hand. In order to reconcile the popular religions, and particularly the Christian, with this new system, he made the whole history of the heathen gods an allegory, maintaining that they were only celestial ministers entitled to an inferior kind of worship; and he acknowledged that Jesus Christ was an excellent man and the friend of God, but alleged that it was not his design entirely to abolish the worship of demons, and that his only intention was to purify the ancient religion.

The neutrality of this article is disputed. Plotinus went, heard a lecture, and exclaimed to his comrade: Hierocles, writing in the 5th century A. From that day he followed Ammonius continuously, and under his guidance made such progress in philosophy that he became eager to investigate the Persian methods and the system adopted among the Indians.

After long study and meditation, Ammonius opened a school of philosophy in Alexandria.

As he designedly wrote nothing, and, with the aid of his pupils, kept his views secret, after the manner of the Pythagoreans, his philosophy must be inferred mainly from the writings of Plotinus. Like Ammonius, Hoffer had very little formal education; his education came from his life experiences not the classroom. For the doctrine of Christ was taught to Origen by his parents, as we have shown above. But this interpretation has been rejected.

Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. And carrying over the learning which he had obtained, he hawked it about, in his life conducting himself as a Christian and contrary to the laws, but in his opinions of material things and of the Deity being like a Greek, and mingling Grecian teachings with foreign fables.


Arcesilaus Lacydes Telecles Evander Hegesinus.

Great Theosophists–Ammonius Saccas (9 of 29)

And he used the books of Chaeremon the Stoicand of Cornutus. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. One way to explain much of the confusion concerning Ammonius is to assume that there were two people called Ammonius: Also, in my view, it is saccaas unlikely that the founder of Neoplatonic philosophy should have been at the same time a Christian.

Another explanation might be that there was only one Ammonius but that Origen, who found the Neo-Platonist views of his teacher essential to his own beliefs about the essential nature of Christianity, chose to suppress Ammonius’ choice of Paganism over Christianity. He was undoubtedly the biggest influence on Plotinus in his development of Neoplatonismalthough little is known about his own philosophical views. Carneades Clitomachus Charmadas Philo of Larissa.

The International Society for Neoplatonic Studies pp. Influences PlatoAristotle. As Zeller points out, however, there is ssaccas to think that his doctrines were rather those of the earlier Platonists than those amjonius Plotinus.

The Schools of the Imperial Age. However, the Christian historian Eusebius A. And since there were two Origens who were accepted as contemporaries it was easy for later Christians to accept that there were two individuals named Ammonius, one a Christian and one a Pagan. However, we are told by Longinus that Ammonius wrote nothing, [5] and if Ammonius was the principal influence on Plotinus, then it is unlikely that Ammonius would have been a Christian.

There seems no reason, therefore, to doubt that Eusebius is here referring to the Christian philosopher.

Ammonius Saccas – Encyclopedia

Rosier, De commentitiis ammonius Ammoniaceae fraudibus et noxis Tubingen, ; L. I refer to Origen, who is highly honored by the teachers of these doctrines. He speaks truly of the industry and learning of the man, but plainly utters a falsehood for what will not an opposer of Christians do?