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Three Terminal Adjustable or Fixed Voltages 1. Output Current of 3A? Operates Down to 1V Dropout? High Efficiency Linear Regulators? Post Regulators for Switching Supplies? The dropout voltage of the device is guaranteed maximum 1. Current limit is also trimmed, minimizing the stress under overload conditions on both the regulator and power source circuitry.
Absolute Maximum Ratings indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. For guaranteed specifications and test conditions, see the Electrical Characteristics. The guaranteed specifications apply only for the test conditions listed. Line and Load regulation are guaranteed up to 15W power dissipation for M and T packages and 2. See thermal regulation specifications for changes in output voltage due to heating effects.
Line and load regulation are measured at a constant junction temperature by low duty cycle pulse testing. Dropout voltage is specified over the full output current range of the device. Minimum load current is defined as the minimum output current required to maintain regulation. Advanced Monolithic Systems, Inc. Pin compatible with older three terminal adjustable regulators, these devices offer the advantage of a lower dropout voltage, more precise reference tolerance and improved reference stability with temperature.
Stability The circuit design used in the AMS series requires the use of an output capacitor as part of the device frequency compensation. The addition of ? F aluminum electrolytic or a 22? F solid tantalum on the output will ensure stability for all operating conditions. When the adjustment terminal is bypassed to improve the ripple rejection, the requirement for an output capacitor increases.
The value of 22? F tantalum or ? F aluminum covers all cases of bypassing the adjustment terminal.
Without bypassing the adjustment terminal smaller capacitors can be used with equally good results. To ensure good transient response with heavy load current changes capacitor values on the order of ?
F are used in the output of many regulators.
To further improve stability and transient response of these devices larger values of output capacitor can be used. Protection Diodes Unlike older regulators, the AMS family does not need any protection diodes between the adjustment pin and the output and from the output to the input to prevent over-stressing the die. Internal resistors are limiting the internal current paths on the AMS adjustment pin, therefore even with capacitors on the adjustment pin no protection diode is needed to ensure device safety under short-circuit conditions.
Diodes between the input and output are not usually needed. Microsecond surge currents of 50A to A can be handled by the internal diode between the input and output pins of the device.
In normal operations it is difficult to get those values of surge currents even with the use of large output capacitances. If high value output capacitors are used, such as ? F and the input pin is instantaneously shorted to ground, damage can occur.
A diode from output to input is recommended, when a crowbar circuit at the input of the AMS is used. Normal power supply cycling or even plugging and unplugging in the system will not generate current large enough to do any damage. As with any IC regulator, none the protection circuitry will be functional and the internal transistors will break down if the maximum input to output voltage differential is exceeded.
F Overload Recovery When the power is first turned on, as the input voltage rises, the output follows the input, permitting the regulator to start up into heavy loads. During the start-up, as the input voltage is rising, the input-to-output voltage differential remains small, allowing the regulator to supply large output currents.
A problem can occur with a heavy output load when the input voltage is high and the output voltage is low, when the removal of an output short will not permit the output voltage to recover. The load line for such a load may intersect two points on the output current curve.
In this case, there are two stable output operating points for the regulator. With this double intersection, the power supply may need to be cycled down to zero and brought up again to make the output recover. Ripple Rejection The ripple rejection values are measured with the adjustment pin bypassed.
The impedance of the adjust pin capacitor at the ripple frequency should be less than the value of R1 normally ? The size of the required adjust pin capacitor is a function of the input ripple frequency.
At 10kHz only 0. The ripple rejection will be a function of output voltage, in circuits without an adjust pin bypass capacitor. Placing a resistor between these two terminals causes a constant current to flow through R1 and down through R2 to set the overall output voltage.
Because IADJ is very small and constant it represents a small error and it can usually be ignored. Connected as shown, RP is not multiplied by the divider ratio.
Using gauge wire the parasitic line resistance is about 0. It is important to keep the positive lead between regulator and load as short as possible and use large wire or PC board traces.
3A LOW DROPOUT VOLTAGE REGULATOR
Thermal Considerations The AMS series have internal power and thermal limiting circuitry designed to protect the device under overload conditions.
However maximum junction temperature ratings should not be exceeded under continuous normal load conditions. Careful consideration must be given to all sources of thermal resistance from junction to ambient, including junction-to-case, case-to-heat sink interface and heat sink resistance itself.
To ensure safe operating temperatures and reflect more accurately the device temperature, new thermal resistance specifications have been developed.
AMSCD даташит – 3A Dropout Voltage Regulator – AMS – Datasheetcom
Unlike older regulators with a single junction-to-case thermal resistance specification, the data section for these new regulators provides a separate thermal resistance and maximum junction temperature for both the Control Section and the Power Transistor. Calculations for both temperatures under certain conditions of ambient temperature and heat sink resistance and to ensure that both thermal limits are met. Junction-to-case thermal resistance is specified from the IC junction to the bottom of the case directly below the die.
This is the lowest resistance path for the heat flow. In order to ensure the best possible thermal flow from this area of dxtasheet package to the heat sink proper mounting datashert required.
Thermal compound at the case-to-heat sink interface is recommended. A thermally conductive spacer can be used, if the case of the device must be electrically isolated, but its added contribution to thermal resistance has to be considered. Maximum Allowable Power Dissipation W 2.
The resistance of the wire connecting datashee regulator to the load will limit the load regulation. The data sheet specification for load regulation is measured at the bottom of the package. Negative side sensing is a true Kelvin connection, with the bottom of the output divider returned to the negative side of the load. The best load regulation is obtained when the top of the resistor divider R1 is connected directly to the case not to the load.
If R1 were connected to the load, the effective resistance between the regulator and the load would be: