ANSI Z Update. Laser Radiation Employed in Fiber Optic Communications. Systems Is Possible Hazard to the Eyes of Personnel. In continuing its ongoing. ANSI Z Safe Use of Optical Fiber Communication Systems Utilizing Laser Diode and LED Sources. This standard addresses hazards and provides. ANSI Z and Z Combination Set. Safe Use of Lasers and Safe Use of Optical Fiber Communication Systems Utilizing Laser Diode and LED Sources.
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Engineering and administrative controls are specified by IEC for the hazard level and type of environments in which the OFCS may operate. Ehrgott The communications industry was revolutionized in the s with the advent of optical fiber communications systems OFCS consisting of diode lasers emitting infrared light signals at wavelengths chosen for transmission with minimal loss in high purity glass fibers.
Available for Subscriptions Available in Packages Standard is included in: We have no amendments or corrections for this standard. IEC recognizes that an OFCS is technically a Class 1 laser system because, under intended operation, the optical radiation is totally enclosed.
EDFAs are further advancing OFCS technology by enabling simultaneous transmission of multiple signals of different wavelength in each optical fiber. For the increasing powers of DWDM systems, the laser Maximum Permissible Exposure MPE levels in Part 1 of the IEC standard must not be exceeded if any z136. can be exposed to laser radiation emerging from the port or fracture from the instant of disconnection or break until the power reaches an acceptable level.
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This standard is also available in these packages:. In the s, optical amplifiers called erbium-doped fiber amplifiers EDFA began replacing electro-optical systems for long-distance OFCS signal regeneration and amplification. The high bandwidth and low noise of optical systems led to their rapid adoption in undersea as well as landline communications networks.
The communications industry was revolutionized in the s with the advent of optical fiber communications systems OFCS consisting of diode lasers emitting infrared light signals at wavelengths chosen for transmission with minimal loss in high purity glass fibers. This standard addresses hazards and provides guidance for the safe use, maintenance, service, and installation manufacturer of optical communications systems OCS utilizing laser diodes or light emitting diodes LED operating at wavelengths between 0.
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Optical Fiber Communication Systems and Laser Safety
The service group hazard classification scheme considers the special viewing conditions when cables are severed or disconnected. New optical communication activities include an emerging trend in fiber-less optical point-to-point communications—often referred to as “free space” optical communications.
Already Subscribed to this document. However, IEC also recognizes that such a classification may not reflect accurately all potential hazards. Proceed to Checkout Continue Shopping. She received a B. You can download and open this file to your own computer but DRM prevents opening this file on another computer, including a networked server.
ANSI Z and Z Combination Set
This technology is gaining popularity in the communications industry based on various advantages, including the fact that this portion of the spectrum is not regulated by the FCC, and frequency coordination is not required does not produce radiofrequency interference. You may delete a document from your Alert Profile at any time. To address such situations, this standard recommends that an appropriate “service group” be assigned based on the potential radiant energy hazard and specifies appropriate controls for each service group.
Over the past several years, the laser safety standards community has been working on updating the standards so as to address this emerging technology. Your Alert Profile lists the documents that will be monitored. Subscription pricing is determined by: This means that any OFCS carrying Class 4 optical power levels needs to incorporate control mechanisms to reduce the power to an acceptable hazard level in the case of a reasonably foreseeable event that would permit access to the radiant energy from a fiber or cable.
Need more than one copy? If automatic power reduction APR is used, the normal level of power in the fiber and the speed of the APR system determine the hazard level.
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In the event of a fiber disconnect or break, IEC defines the “hazard level” as the potential optical z136.22 at any accessible location within an OFCS, based on the level of the radiant energy that could become accessible. It recognizes that, under normal operation, an OFCS is completely enclosed and that no optical energy is accessible to the operator or z136. personnel inherently Class 1. Hazard levels are assigned values from 1 to 4 z1362.
on the customary laser accessible emission limits AELs ; for example, Hazard Level 1 does not exceed the AEL for laser Class 1, etc. Join or Renew Members Only. However, it also recognizes that, during service operations, optical connectors are removed and there is a risk of exposure to optical energy if the system is energized.
Optical Fiber Communication Systems and Laser Safety
As the voice of the U. Hazard Level 4, analogous to a Class z1362 laser, is not permitted in any location. These systems can carry high-powered, optically amplified signals in the Class 3B and, eventually, Class 4 laser power ranges.