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Antonie van Leeuwenhoek was born in Delft on 24 October In , van Leeuwenhoek was apprenticed to a textile merchant, which is where he probably . Antony van Leeuwenhoek was an unlikely scientist. A tradesman of Delft, Holland, Leeuwenhoek was born in Delft on October 24, (His last name. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is regarded as the ‘Father of Microbiology’ and is known for his pioneering works in relation to microorganisms.

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Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Though Leewenhoek is sometimes considered as inventor of microscope, it is not the truth. He was elected a member of the society in and continued his association for the rest of his life by correspondence.

Philosophical Transactions,9: It would take another years before Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch would later make the link between some diseases and microscopic organisms like bacteria. He described the semen as “sperm animals”, sperm cells, which he considered to be the nucleus of the new individual, while the egg cell was supposed to be just nourishment for the sperm animal”.

Leeuwenhoek was particularly attentive to the blood vessels and the blood.

This position provided him a regular secure income and freed him up to begin to devote his time to his hobby of grinding lenses. Thus, even with his established reputation with the Royal Society as a leeuwejhoek observer, his observations of microscopic life were initially met with some skepticism.

BBC – History – Historic Figures: Antonie van Leeuwenhoek ( – )

Van Leeuwenhoek’s interest in microscopes and a familiarity with glass processing led to one of the most significant, and simultaneously well-hidden, technical insights in the history of science. His work would forever earn Antonie the title of the “Father of Microbiology”. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek biorgaphy a troubled childhood but would go on to lay the foundations for modern microbiology. Starting inAntonie began a series of communication with the Leeuwejhoek Society.


Peter the Great of Russia in visited him during his great European journey. A True Scientific Hero. He prospered and was appointed chamberlain to the sheriffs of Delft inand becoming a surveyor nine years later.

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1632 – 1723)

It was through his letters – more than of them, written to private scientists and amateurs in both Holland and other countries – that Leeuwenhoek made his work known. The income from his public offices as well as a family inheritance gave him sufficient resources to launch his exploration of the microscopic worlds.

It is suspected that van Leeuwenhoek possessed some microscopes that could magnify up to times. From these beginnings Leeuwenhoek went on to grind more thanmaybe as many as about lenses in his lifetime.

Antony van Leeuwenhoek considered that what is true in natural philosophy can be most fruitfully investigated by the experimental method, supported by the evidence of the senses; for which reason, by diligence and tireless labour he made with his own hand certain most excellent lenses, with the aid of which he discovered many secrets of Nature, now famous throughout the whole philosophical World. Arcana naturae ope exactissimorum microscopiorum delecta. He strongly preferred to work alone, distrusting the sincerity of those who offered their assistance.

Of their five children only one, their daughter Maria, survived her father. The use of glass pearls had been common practice for hundreds of years. Records discovery of bacteria in the mouth, with the first illustrations of the basic types — cocci, bacteria and spiral forms. In his observation on rotifers inLeeuwenhoek remarked that, “In all falling rain, carried from gutters into water-butts, animalcules are to be found; and that in all kinds of water, standing in the open air, animalcules can turn up.


The family belonged to the prosperous middle class of artisans, brewers, and lesser public officials, which was typical of the Golden Anhon of the Dutch Republic. Historical aspects medical research In history of medicine: Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets CSS if you are able to do so.

Harvey had described the circulation of the blood inwhile Malpighi discovered the capillaries in and, inobserved the corpuscles for the first time although he wrongly identified them as fat globules. Similarly he investigated the generation of eels, which were at that time supposed to be produced from dew without the ordinary process of generation.

Hooke, however, decided against the technique as the user would need to place their eye and lens fairly close to the object in question – a process that quickly strains the users’ eye.

Self-taught and never having attended a university, ignorant of Latin and Greek and of the classical texts, he became one of the greatest and most expert microscopists, thanks to the sagacity of his observations and the perfection of his technique” Arturo Castiglioni, A history of medicine. That same year he returned to Delft, where he would live and study for the rest of his life.

His mother later married painter Jacob Jansz Molijn.