Croton macrostachyus. Euphorbiaceae. Hochst. ex Ferret et Galinier. C. macrostachys: A representative tree at. Kakuzi Ranch, Kenya. (Paul K.A. Konuche). Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex Delile is a species of the genus Croton L., Euphorbiaceae family, commonly known as the spurge family. In Kenya, leaves and roots from Croton macrostachyus are used as a traditional medicine for infectious diseases such as typhoid and measles.
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For each extract, 6 animals were selected as positive controls and negative controls and for test animals.
The useful plants of West Tropical Africa. The plant also contains the chalcone crotin. The chemoprotective prophylaxis in vivo study was set up and carried out by first treating the animals for four days with the different doses of the studied extracts before exposing them to infection.
The decoctions of C. A preparation of the seed is instilled into the ear to treat ear problems. The air-dried bark was powdered using a mechanized hand grinder. In the present study different crude stem bark extracts from C. In Ethiopia the leaves of Croton macrostachyus are attacked by a leaf spot caused by the fungus Cylindrosporium sp.
Publisher Weinheim Year ISBN – Description An excellent and very comprehensive mqcrostachyus but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. View at Google Scholar J. The wood is difficult to saw. Despite the many medicinal uses, not much research has been done concerning the chemical composition and pharmacology of the different plant parts and more research is warranted. In addition to indirect activity against P.
Mortality increased with increasing doses, with LD 50 values of The weights macrostacjyus all animals were taken before and after the experiment.
Emergence of multidrug-resistant Plasmodium falciparium in Thailand: Parasitized erythrocytes RBC were counted crtoon Giemsa stained thin films from tail blood on day 4.
Antibacterial activities of selected medicinal plants in traditional treatment of human wounds in Ethiopia. There are 20 citations in Afrirefs related to Croton macrostachyus Hochst. Antimicrobial and cytotoxicity evaluation of Buchholzia coriacea stem bark. Nutrient composition and short-term release from Croton macrostachyus Del. Technical Handbook No 5. Further testing of the active components of C. The antibiotic controls were constantly high.
Shortly, the fresh stem bark was cut into small pieces using a pen knife.
The chloroform and methanol fractions produced dose-dependent decline in the weight and volume of intestinal contents while the aqueous fraction did not mcarostachyus a significant effect [ 24 ]. An infusion of the leafy branches and roots is used as a mouthwash to treat toothache. The bark, fruits, leaves, roots, and seeds of C. The seeds are often damaged by insects while still on the tree. Antibacterial activity was demonstrated with minimum inhibitory concentration MIC values ranging from 0.
Plant Collection and Extraction C.
The study showed that it is possible to inhibit the growth of the parasites by various stem bark extracts macrostachhyus C. Mature fruits of Croton macrostachyus split open with a sharp noise. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants. Antimicrobial and cytotoxic constituents from leaves of Sapium baccatum.
Except antifolate antimalarial drugs other commonly used antimalarial agents are based on plant-derived compounds, quinine, and artemisinin derivatives, which remain vital drugs in the treatment of malaria [ 10crlton ].
Trotter, and roots of Cyphostemma cyphopetalum Fresen. It grows well both in shade and bright sunlight; it is vulnerable though to cold wind and frost, especially young plants, which should be protected during the first two years. Trees on farms and their contribution to soil fertility parameters in Badessa, eastern Ethiopia. Correspondence should be addressed to Alfred Maroyi ; az. The preparation is taken with pepper, butter and milk. The ethyl acetate extract was the most promising candidate for further drug development.
The leaves or young shoots are eaten to treat fever and oedema and mashed leaves are applied to haemorrhoids. Croton macrostachyus methanol leaf and root extracts were active against Bacillus cereus with minimum inhibitory concentration MIC value of These results are in parallel with the previous results by Ziegler et al.
In many developing countries antibiotic resistance, adverse drug reactions, and the high costs of antimicrobials have made management of infectious diseases ineffective [ 23 ]. Leaf sap is used similarly. The eluted samples were dried in air and crystallized.