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Croton megalocarpus is a deciduous tree with a dense, spreading, rather flat crown; it can grow up to 35 metres tall. The unbuttressed, cylindrical bole can be up. Croton tree: A year-old C. megalocarpus tree at a site in Bondo District, western. Kenya. The tree is approximately 12 m tall and 15 cm in diameter. Note the. CROTON MEGALOCARPUS*. DISTRIBUTION. Is a dominant upper canopy forest tree reaching heights of 40 m or more (Dale and Greenway ).

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All plant megalocqrpus have their own unique code. Ethnomedicinal uses of Croton megalocarpus in tropical Africa It is against this background that the current study was undertaken, aimed at assessing if there is correlation between the ethnomedicinal uses of C.

Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Croton megalocarpus

Seed oil is tested as bio-fuel[ ]. A lead to traditional bioprospecting. People and Plants Working Paper 4. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf. Many researchers have investigated the phytochemical constituents of C.

The clerodane diterpenoids have been evaluated for many pharmacological principles and have been found to be potentially useful as antitumor, antiviral, antimicrobial, antipeptic ulcer, antifungal, antifeedant, insecticidal and psychotropic properties It cannot grow in the shade.

Oil extraction from the seed is done by hand-operated or mechanized screw presses. A clerodane diterpene and megalocaepus constituents of Croton megalocarpus. Medicinal plants used in the promotion of animal health in Tanzania. The flowers are short-lived and pollinated by insects such as bees.


Croton megalocarpus – Useful Tropical Plants

Alfred Maroyi The croton husks are milled for fertilizer. Utilisation of priority traditional medicinal plants and local people’s knowledge on their conservation status in arid lands of Kenya Mwingi district. Antinociceptive activities of extracts of Croton megalocarpus Hutch. Anti-schistosomal activity of five plant extracts on Swiss white mice infected with Schistosoma mansoni. A comparative study of medicinal plants used in rural areas of Namibia and Zimbabwe.

Antibacterial activity of methanolic extracts, decoction and isolated triterpene products from different parts of birch, Ceoton pendulaRoth. Croton megalocarpus or Croton tree.

Euphorbiaceae, subfamilies Phyllantoideae, Oldfieldioideae, Acalyphoideae, Crotonoideae and Euphorbioideae, tribe Hippomaneae. The observed wound healing properties of C. It is moderately durable, being slightly susceptible to termite, dry-wood borer and marine borer attacks.

In a previous research, Lewinska et al. Epoxychiromodine and other constituents of Croton megalocarpus. Such pharmacological activities include antibacterial 5455antifungal 42anti-inflammatory 54antinociceptive 56antioxidant 54molluscicidal 4357wound healing 44 and Epstein-Barr virus-activating potency megalocaprus Possibilities of vegetative propagation including tissue culture techniques have to croon explored to enable rapid and large-scale multiplication of good-quality genetic material.

A field assessment of the agronomic and economic viability of Jatropha and other oilseed crops in Kenya” PDF.

Croton megalocarpus

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Byproducts from the oil include croton seedcake that can be used in animal feeds due its high protein content. In Kenya, the root decoction of C. Croton megalocarpus Latin name: Croton megalocarpus Croton tiglium x – 17k – crotoj plantsource.

The wood is easy megaloccarpus saw and work with hand tools, but moderately difficult to machine. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Thesis, University of Nairobi, Nairobi. The fruit shells are used as mulch in vegetable gardens and as a component of potting mixtures[ ].


This page was last edited on 22 Decemberat Trees may already start flowering when they are 4 years old. Both aqueous and methanol extracts of C. The wood is used for fuel and to make charcoal[ ]. Croton megalocarpusis a plant species in the Euphorbiaceae family.

Land Resource Management & Agricultural Technology

Very long fatty acid chains present in C. In recent years, Croton megalocarpus has gained interest for large-scale planting programmes as a commercial poultry feed emgalocarpus bio-fuel crop with low agro-ecological demands, mainly in Kenya and Tanzania.

Research Journal of Medicinal Plants, Croton megalocarpus exhibit several ethnomedicinal uses throughout its distributional range in tropical Africa.

The bark is dark grey or pale brown in colour. Heat durability of Epstein-Barr virus-activating substances of plant origin: The heartwood is yellowish white to brownish grey, often with irregular dark brown streaks, and not distinctly demarcated from the 2. In Kenya, bark decoction of C.

However, oil production for bio-fuel seems to be most promising, and already large investments are being made to establish large-scale plantations in East Africa. Indigenous to Sub-Saharan Africa, Croton megalocarpus is a fast growing deciduous tree that reaches up to 36 m froton upon maturity.

Tropical timbers of the world.