The Tinetti Performance-Oriented Mobility Assessment (POMA), also called the Tinetti Mobility Test (TMT), is a clinical test to assess mobility, balance and gait. Le but de ce travail est de déterminer l’intérêt de l’analyse sémiologique de la derniers mois, un score pathologique à l’échelle de Tinetti statique (inférieur à. Supported in part by a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Grant and by a National Institute on Aging Academic Award (AG). Read the full text. About.
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This paper presents a method for assessing tourist and exploitation values of geomorphological sites in a tourist and recreational context. Concerning the scientific value, the following criteria are taken into account: In this paper, the assessment of the tourist value and of its components is first presented and developed. Then, the assessment of the exploitation value allows the notion of use intensity to be determined.
Finally, a comparison of the two first stages is carried out in order to analyse and discuss the potential and use of the studied geomorphological sites. Acknowledgements I thank C. Lugon for their useful comments and advice regarding this assessment method.
I also thank J.
Gunnell and two other reviewers who considered the original draft and made constructive comments. Piacenteand G.
Trouver une échelle d’évaluation clinique
This process echeelle called optimization by J. From a tourist and recreational point of view, these four different values may be considered as exclusive components of the echelel value of a geomorphological site. All tourist goods, services and infrastructure created from geomorphological landforms and processes result from the use of this value and its four components, which is understood in terms of degree and modality of exploitation.
Therefore, this assessment method enables a comparison, on the one hand, of the tourist value of different sites and categories of geomorphological sites Pralong and Reynard, and, on the other hand, of their tourist potential with their actual use. Moreover, from the criteria scores and their differences, factors of explanation of the differentiated uses of geomorphological sites may be underlined echellr. In this paper, the assessment of the tourist value and its components is first presented and developed.
Precise criteria and specific scales of scoring have been defined for each constituent of the tourist value, notably inspired by V. Grandgirard and G. Gusti for the scientific one, by D.
Rojsek and V. In this sense, the tourist value is considered as the mean of these four different values, and is expressed by:.
A method for assessing tourist potential and use of geomorphological sites
No weighting is introduced, because there is no objective reason to think that a specific value is less important than the other one when we have to determine the theoretical tourist potential of a site. Panizzathe scenic value especially depends on the spectacular and intrinsic aspect of a exhelle site.
The scientific value is based on natural rarity, didactic exemplarity, palaeogeographical testimony, and ecological value of a geomorphological site.
The cultural value depends on an art event or a cultural custom in relation to a geomorphological site, while the economic value is based on the usable and workable characteristics of a geomorphological site e.
In this sense, different objective criteria with a specific scale of scoring may be used to assess these values:.
No weighting is introduced because there is no objective reason to discriminate a specific criterion. Weighting is introduced because Sci 3 and Sci 4 both assess the natural rarity in relation to Sce 3.
Weighting is introduced because Cult 2 may also assess the number of literary mentions, which are seen as proportional to any iconographic material.
In the same way as for the tourist value, criteria and scales of scoring have been defined for each constituent value of the exploitation one. In this sense, this value is understood in terms of degree coordinate x and modality coordinate y of exploitation:. The relationship between these two values may define three kinds of exploitation low, intermediate, high in terms of intensity.
In relation to some application examples tab. However, there is a low use of the scientific and cultural values lack of didactic optimization compared to their potentialwhereas its degree of exploitation is very high, as is the use of its scenic and economic values.
This is also the case for Diosaz gorges. In these two cases, the didactic interest and sensitivity of the people exploiting these sites are obvious. Due to the natural risk management, the first site welcomes aboutvisitors per year whereas only visit the second one! In comparison to the echwlle of these interests, the first site, which is potentially less didactic and preserved, offers a lot of educational material whereas none are offered at the second site.
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In this case, the existence of uncontrolled natural risks explains that peculiarity, which lowers the economic value of Vaas cave tinett well as limiting protection and a regional level of attractivity.
As proposed, the assessment of degree and modality of exploitation enables a definition of the intensity of their use from a spatial and temporal point of view and determination of the use of their potential. The proposed method may contribue to attaining these goals by quantifying values of geomorphological sites and by underlining factors that explain their different uses. Thus, it is necessary that all the different stakeholders directely or indirectly involved become aware of these issues, because a dangerous lack of recognition exists concerning the interests and vulnerability of geodiversity.
From a local to an international level, stakeholders of the social, political, administrative and economic system are concerned. Subsequently, this approach could be used to define carrying capacity of geomorphological sites as a fonction of their recreational activities and of their evolution in terms of potential and exploitation. Il Quaternario, 18 1volume speciale, Il sistema uomo—ambiente tra passato e presente. Il Quaternario, 18 1volume speciale, — European Intensive Dee on Applied Geomorphology.
ITC Journal, 4, — Grandgirard et G.
Gusti pour la valeur scientifique, de D. Rojsek et V. Introduction 1 According to M. Tourist value assessment 4 The tourist value assessment includes four values: In this sense, the tourist value is considered as the mean of these four different values, and is expressed by: In this sense, different objective criteria with a specific scale of scoring may be used to assess these values: Agrandir Original png, 8,1k. Agrandir Original png, 9,7k.
Agrandir Original png, 8,9k. Agrandir Original png, 8,6k. Agrandir Original png, 7,0k. Agrandir Original png, 8,4k. Agrandir Original png, 4,1k. Auteur Jean-Pierre Pralong Haut de page.