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Lq Russians seem to have shared this opinion; as they became dis- couraged about negotiations on European problems and disarmament, their interest shifted to the periphery, a development dramatically illustrated by the Khrushchev-Bulganin junkets to India and South-East Asia.
Bury’s famous dictum that “History is a science, no less, and no more,” but this was a notion of science that implied a rejection of theory. Emil Shatov rated it really liked it Aug 19, Now it is rather a question of the commune system, a system quite alien to any type of socialism contemplated elsewhere.
It grown the capacity of any one person to master it. He charged that liberalism was a spent force and agreed with Toynbee that western Europe had lost its vitality, arousing the ire of critics like Pieter Geyl, who accusd him of defeatism.
In England, in particular, the mere fact that the history of political parties, and the term “party” itself, reach back in apparent continuity into the seventeenth century, has been sufficient to create the illusion that all that occurred was a process of adaptation which broadened the foundation but left the essence of the old structure standing.
Science, in the first place, dissolved the old concept both of nature and of man’s place in nature. He remained at London only six years.
Here gwoffrey the impact of industrialization in the period after was strong enough to override conservative resistance and carry the change through. They might have been appmpriate a hundred years earlier in a time of advance and security, but they had become deceptive and d a n p u s half-truths, at variance with the twentiethentury human experience.
Bradley’s Appearance and Reality and developed by Whitehead and the realitivsts.
There are other minor flaws in this volume of the Survey, but the whole is readable and convincing. Barraclough was obviously quite broadly read, and the book is supported by copious citations to works in Contemporanez and German. Even in the nineteenth century, Ranke’s idea of a RomanocennarU ‘c people as thebasis of W e t e n civibtion was distorted by Pan-Slavism and PancennaruS ‘ minto a conception of racially determined TwtoNeSlavonic struggle In the postwar period the con- of Western civilization invidiously contrasted West with East, especially Introduuccion democracy with “that other conception of democracy which predominates wherever Soviet influene is strong.
The Author exemplify the dynamics this claim via a discussion of several perspectives or sub-processes: Home Contact Us Help Free delivery worldwide. These, he suggested, were concepts, and prohibition of them in theory meant only that intuition, analogy, metaphor, and mnvention substituted for rigorous methodology and critical reflection in their invention and use.
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Could they pass judgment on matters of choice and rnponsibility while, at the same time, disengaging themselves from the moral passions and political alignments of their day? Again and again, Barraclough seeks to wrest the reader’s focus from subjects that likely felt important and central at the time — the fate of Europe — and towards the vast majority of humanity, outside of Europe, who, as Barraclough recognized, were on their way to reasserting their position on the world stage.
What is misleading is to regard it as the central issue to which all else must be subordinated. The data of history. This misleadingly short book was not an easy read took me about 8 months to finishat least not for this commentator.
An Introduction to Contemporary History by Geoffrey Barraclough
Yet the historical perspective inntroduccion in the mid twentieth century had to take in more than Europe alone, however broadly defined. Professor Robert J Littman. The appropriate contrast was between “nomothetic” and “idiographic’ principles, that is, between methods aimed at adequate theomid generalization and those that sought full narrative description.
The spread of literacy and the rise in its wake of new methods of mass indoctrination led, without doubt, to a marked increase in the power of propaganda framed on crude ideological lines; but throughout the nineteenth century western Europeans had launched diatribes against the “Asiatic despotism” of the Tsars no less virulent than those later launched against the communists, and there was no aspect of the hatred of the “godless Reds” which had not already been expressed a century earlier regarding the French revolutionaries.
Nothing in his education had prepared him for the decisive roles played in the war by the Soviet Union, the United States, and the overseas dominions of the British Commonwealth. Marxism was less the cause than a product of a new world situation. Banaclough thought that the concept of a Western tradition might once have been useful as an instrument of historical interpretation, at least in the practised hands of a Ranke, a Giesebrecht, or an Acton, but its utility had been miously compw mised since the war because of its appropriation for political purposes.
Mary rated it it was ok Jan 26, Paperbackpages. Presentism was a code word for a progressive viewpoint in academic discourse. His childhood had been spent in the comfortable Security of English bourgeois life before cerman fraulein, carriageand-fou-and, after the first installment of what he was later to regard as Europes second Thirty Years War, he attended Bootham, the Quaker school in York, and the Bradford Grammar School.
An Introduction to Contemporary History
The transition from sedate liberalism, with its respect for birth, property and influence, to mass democracy, which was an accomplished fact in the United States bywas a far more hesitant process on the European side of the Atlantic.
Duverger has said, “members of parliament are subject to a discipline which transforms them into voting machines operated by the party managers. This was an apt description not only with mgard to the kind of history he advocated and wote, but also of his learning, aspirations, and academic career.